Friday: The Cup ~ 20170414 ~ Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church
of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org
Good Friday: The Cup;
Audio available at:
Matthew 26:36 Then
Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to
his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.”
37 And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began
to be sorrowful and troubled. 38 Then he said to them, “My
soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with
me.” 39 And going a little farther he fell on his face and
prayed, saying, “My Father, if it be possible, let this cup
pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.”
you ever wondered what Jesus meant when he prayed to his Father 'let
this cup pass from me'?
Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, “My
Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, your will be
...44 So, leaving
them again, he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the
same words again.
was the cup that Jesus must drink? Mark's account equates the cup
with the hour.
Mark 14:35 And
going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it
were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36 And he said,
“Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this
cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.”
tells us that in response to Jesus' prayer in the garden, an angel
was sent from heaven to strengthen him. On other occasions there was
thunder, a voice from heaven. On other occasions we heard the words
from heaven “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well
pleased” (Mt.3:17; 17:5) Here, silence. An angel was sent, not
to answer him, but to strengthen him, to prepare him for what was to
Luke 22:42 saying,
“Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me.
Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.” 43 And there
appeared to him an angel from heaven, strengthening him. 44 And
being in an agony he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat became
like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
tells us that he was in agony and his sweat became like great drops
of blood falling to the ground.
Was the Cup?
was it that caused Jesus such anguish of soul? This is not the only
place we hear Jesus referring to the cup. In Matthew 20, James and
John with their mother ask to be seated on his right and his left in
Matthew 20:22 Jesus
answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able
to drink the cup that I am to drink?” They said to him,
“We are able.” 23 He said to them, “You will drink
my cup, but to sit at my right hand and at my left is not
mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by
tells us that after Jesus' prayer in the garden, Peter seeks to
defend Jesus from arrest with his sword.
John 18:11 So
Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; shall I
not drink the cup that the Father has given me?”
having asked his Father to let the cup pass from him, is now
determined to drink it. It is the cup the Father gave him to drink.
can look to the Old Testament to gain some clarity on what the cup
meant. In Genesis 40-41, we see Joseph introduced to the cupbearer.
The cupbearer was part of the special service who would protect the
king. If someone tried to poison the king, the cupbearer would drink
the poison first to protect the king.
in Genesis 44, Joseph's special cup was used to indicate guilt. The
one who had the cup was the one who was found guilty.
the Psalms we find this poetic language of justice.
Psalm 75:2 “At
the set time that I appoint I will judge with equity.
...7 but it is God
who executes judgment, putting down one and lifting up another.
8 For in the hand
of the LORD there is a cup with foaming wine, well mixed, and
he pours out from it, and all the wicked of the earth shall drain it
down to the dregs.
is a cup the wicked must drink. Isaiah identifies the cup.
Isaiah 51:17 Wake
yourself, wake yourself, stand up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk
from the hand of the LORD the cup of his wrath, who have
drunk to the dregs the bowl, the cup of staggering.
cup is the cup of the LORD's wrath.
25 brings a word of judgment that is to begin with God's people who
have disobeyed him and turned away, and it to extend to all the
nations of the earth.
Jeremiah 25:9 ... I
will bring them against this land and its inhabitants, and against
all these surrounding nations. I will devote them to destruction,
and make them a horror, a hissing, and an everlasting desolation.
...14 ... I will recompense them according to their deeds and the
work of their hands.” 15 Thus the LORD, the God of Israel,
said to me: “Take from my hand this cup of the wine of
wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it. 16
They shall drink and stagger and be crazed because of the sword that
I am sending among them.” 17 So I took the cup from
the LORD's hand, and made all the nations to whom the LORD sent me
cup is repayment for their deeds, the work of their hands. It is the
cup of the wine of the wrath of the LORD. Jeremiah goes on:
“Then you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of
hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise
no more, because of the sword that I am sending among you.’
28 “And if they refuse to accept the cup from your hand
to drink, then you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the LORD of
hosts: You must drink! 29 ...You shall not go unpunished, for I am
summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth, declares
the LORD of hosts.’
cup is punishment from the LORD for the deeds of the whole earth.
is the cup our Lord Jesus asked “Father, if you are willing,
remove this cup from me” (Lk.22:42). Jeremiah goes on to paint
a picture of what Christ would experience for us on the cross.
“You, therefore, shall prophesy against them all these words,
and say to them: “‘The LORD will roar from on high, and
from his holy habitation utter his voice; he will roar mightily
against his fold, and shout, like those who tread grapes, against
all the inhabitants of the earth. 31 The clamor will resound to the
ends of the earth, for the LORD has an indictment against the
nations; he is entering into judgment with all flesh, and the wicked
he will put to the sword, declares the LORD.’ 32 “Thus
says the LORD of hosts: Behold, disaster is going forth from nation
to nation, and a great tempest is stirring from the farthest parts
of the earth! 33 “And those pierced by the LORD on that day
shall extend from one end of the earth to the other. They shall not
be lamented, or gathered, or buried; they shall be dung on the
surface of the ground.
describes it as “to make her drain the cup of the wine of the
fury of his wrath” (Rev.16:19) and
Revelation 14:10 he
also will drink the wine of God's wrath, poured full
strength into the cup of his anger, and he will be tormented
with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the
presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment goes up
forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night...
Psalm 11:5 The LORD
tests the righteous, but his soul hates the wicked and the one who
loves violence. 6 Let him rain coals on the wicked; fire and sulfur
and a scorching wind shall be the portion of their cup. 7 For
the LORD is righteous; he loves righteous deeds; the upright shall
behold his face.
our attention is drawn to the physical and emotional suffering of
Jesus in the Roman whip, the crown of thorns, the taunting crowds,
the wooden beam, the iron nails. But there was something more
horrific than that which he experienced. Jesus, looking into “the
cup of the wine of the fury of ...God's wrath, poured full strength
into the cup of his anger,” recoiled in utter revulsion. “My
Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless,
not as I will, but as you will” (Mt.26:39). In those hours of
darkness, Jesus, the sinless Lamb, “was made to be sin for us”
Isaiah 53:4 ...we
esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was
pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities;
upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his
wounds we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have
turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid
on him the iniquity of us all. ...10 Yet it was the will of the
LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief;
noon to 3 pm that Friday,
Matthew 27:45 Now
from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the
ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud
voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is,
“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
those hours of darkness, Jesus was drinking the cup of the wine of
the fury of God's wrath toward my sin. Jesus was forsaken by his
Father. Jesus was experiencing hell for me. Jesus was enduring the
punishment that I earned.
drained this cup, but it was a cup that left him thirsty. Like the
rich man in his own parable who
Luke 16:24 And he
called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send
Lazarus to dip the end of his finger in water and cool my tongue,
for I am in anguish in this flame.’
drank the cup of hell to the dregs and it left him desperately
thirsty. Jesus, who claimed to be the source of living water, now
having been forsaken by his Father, experienced a thirst of soul
deeper than any natural thirst.
John 19:28 After
this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said ( to fulfill
the Scripture), “I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine
stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop
branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour
wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head
and gave up his spirit.
O Christ, what
burdens bowed Thy head!
Our load was laid on Thee;
stoodest in the sinner’s stead,
Didst bear all ill for
A Victim led, Thy blood was shed;
Now there’s no
load for me.
Death and the curse
were in our cup:
O Christ, ’twas full for Thee;
hast drained the last dark drop,
’Tis empty now for
That bitter cup, love drank it up;
draught for me.
Jehovah lifted up
O Christ, it fell on Thee!
Thou wast sore stricken of
There’s not one stroke for me.
Thy tears, Thy
blood, beneath it flowed;
Thy bruising healeth me.
awful voice was heard,
O Christ, it broke on Thee!
bosom was my ward,
It braved the storm for me.
Thy form was
scarred, Thy visage marred;
Now cloudless peace for me.
Jehovah bade His
O Christ, it woke ’gainst Thee!
the flaming blade must slake;
Thine heart its sheath must be;
for my sake, my peace to make;
Now sleeps that sword for me.
For me, Lord Jesus,
Thou hast died,
And I have died in Thee!
ris’n—my hands are all untied,
And now Thou liv’st
When purified, made white and tried,
Thy glory then for
Words: Anne R.
116 describes a sinner crying out to the LORD for mercy.
Psalm 116:1 I love
the LORD, because he has heard my voice and my pleas for mercy. 2
Because he inclined his ear to me, therefore I will call on him as
long as I live. 3 The snares of death encompassed me; the pangs of
Sheol laid hold on me; I suffered distress and anguish. 4 Then I
called on the name of the LORD: “O LORD, I pray, deliver my
soul!” 5 Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; our God is
drained the last dark drop of the cup of God's wrath. God is
righteous, and God is gracious. God punishes sin, but God delivers
Psalm 116:12 What
shall I render to the LORD for all his benefits to me? 13 I will
lift up the cup of salvation and call on the name of the
that the cup of the wrath of God has been drained by our Lord Jesus
on the cross, we can enjoy a different cup. We drink from the cup of
Psalm 16:5 The LORD
is my chosen portion and my cup; you hold my lot.
enjoy a different cup. The LORD is my portion. The LORD fills my
cup. Because of Jesus, we can drink deeply of him.
Psalm 23:5 You
prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint
my head with oil; my cup overflows.
Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org