Leviticus 14:33-57 ~ 20160911 ~ Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org
09/11 Leviticus 14:33-57; Cleansing the House; Audio available at: http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20160911_leviticus-14_33-57.mp3
Chapters 11-15 of Leviticus deal with what makes a person unclean, unfit to enter God's presence, and how a person can be cleansed and restored to fellowship with God. Chapter 11 deals with categories of creatures that were or were not permitted for food, and the consequences of contact with the carcass of an animal. Chapter 12 addressed the issue of uncleanness resulting from the blood involved in childbirth. Chapters 13-14 deal with various skin diseases and how to be cleansed. In addition to human skin ailments, Chapter 13 also deals with diseases in leather or fabrics. Chapter 14 also deals with diseases in the stones of a house. That will be our focus today. Then chapter 15 deals with normal and abnormal bodily discharges. We plan to take that up next week.
As we have seen so often, Leviticus is a word directly from the Lord. 'The LORD spoke, saying...' 'All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness' (2Tim.3:16).
May we find here today appropriate reproof, correction, and training in righteousness.
Notice this section looks forward to the time when Israel will be settled in the land. So far, all the other instructions had the flexibility to apply equally to Israel in the wilderness camped around the tabernacle and Israel in the promised land with the temple in Jerusalem. But this section specifically addresses 'when you come into the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession.' This deals not with tents camped around the tent of the Lord, but with houses of stone and timber and plaster in the land. As a side note, this is a confirmation that Leviticus was written early, spoken to Moses and Aaron before Israel left Sinai.
God the Sovereign Source of Blessing and Disaster
This is a confirmation of God's promise. Not 'if you come into the land of Canaan,' but 'when you come into the land of Canaan.' God takes credit. You will enter in, because I will give it to you for a possession. God is reminding them here that every good thing comes from God. Every good thing is a gift from the Lord.
But this is also a sobering reminder that bad things also come ultimately from the Lord. 'And I put a case of leprous disease in a house in the land of your possession.' God takes credit for both good and bad. God will bring his people into the land. God may also put a disease in a house, and it may lead to the house being condemned and destroyed as a complete loss. Nothing is said here why God would do this. Could it be discipline for sin? Perhaps... Perhaps not. We are not told. We tend to look for reasons. Why did my car break down? Why did my sewer back up? Why cancer? Why has disaster overtaken me? What did I do wrong? What did I fail to do that I ought to have done? Is God angry with me? Or is this the evil one attacking me? Notice the common denominator of these speculations is a desire to justify oneself. Did I do something wrong and God is upset, or did I do something right and the devil is upset? And the focus is on me and my comfort. This text says that God might cause something really disastrous to happen to you, and it doesn't say why.
In Isaiah 45, God is calling the Persian king Cyrus to rebuild his temple in Jerusalem. God says:
God is shifting our focus from us to him. We are concerned with our own well-being. I want things to go well for me, and I want to avoid calamity. God is lifting our eyes from ourselves to himself. 'I am the LORD, there is no other. That people may know across the globe that there is none besides me; I am the LORD and there is no other.' I am sovereign over sickness, over sorrow, over suffering, over disease, over disaster. I am the great Creator and I have rights to do what I will with my creation. 'I am the LORD, who does all these things.'
Of course, it is wise to ask 'is God trying to get my attention? What am I supposed to be learning from all this?' But it is not necessarily about me. It might be bigger than me. We get that kind of bigger perspective from the book of Job. Horrible, unimaginable things happened to Job. He lost all that he had in a single day. His 500 yoke of oxen and 500 female donkeys were stolen by the Sabeans and all his servants were killed. Fire from heaven fell and burned up his 7,000 sheep and all his servants attending them. A Chaldean raiding party stole his 3,000 camels and killed those servants. A great wind collapsed his oldest son's house and killed all 7 of his sons and his 3 daughters. Only four servants, one from each disaster scene survived to bring him the news. Why? What did he do? The book introduces Job as a man 'blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil.' Then it must have been a Satanic attack! Yes, that is true, to an extent. It was a Satan who 'went out from the presence of the Lord and struck Job.' But we could also say that the LORD incited and then allowed Satan to attack. 'Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?' In chapter 2, God again says to Satan 'have you considered my servant Job? ...He still holds fast his integrity, although you incited me against him to destroy him without reason.' This time Job was struck 'with loathsome sores from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.' Job's response? 'Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?
Job understood that 'the LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away' and that in the midst of it all, God is worthy of worship. 42 painful chapters later, Job says:
Sometimes it doesn't help to ask why. We need to simply trust and rest and cling to the LORD. We can confidently and expectantly hold on to Romans 8:28.
I can be confident that whatever difficulty I face today, God is in complete control, and he is working in it for my good. For those who love God, for those who belong to God through faith in Jesus, for those who are called according to his purpose, we know that all things work together for good.
So if God puts a case of leprous disease in your house and it is condemned and destroyed, you can trust that God is in control and he is working even in that for your good.
A Diseased House
Deep, Spreading and Persistent
We have been looking at skin diseases in Leviticus. Chapters 13 and 14 deal not only with surface issues on people, but also on cloth or leather articles, and on houses. As we have seen, the priest is to inspect the issue to see if it is a serious issue, if it is something that makes one unfit to enter the presence of the Lord. The evidence of a serious issue is 'if it appears to be deeper than the surface' and 'if it spreads'. The priest is looking for deeper issues, persistent issues, things that tend to spread and grow. The diseased house is to be evacuated and sealed up for a week, and re-inspected. If the house is ultimately condemned, it is to be destroyed and none of the building materials are to be reused. The danger of an unclean house is that it hinders the ability of the one who has contact with it from entering the presence of the Lord.
The Kindness and Patience of God
Although this is a very serious issue, notice the kindness and patience of God. First, all the belongings are to be removed before the house is inspected. This allows the homeowner to keep his possessions out of quarantine and ultimately from being destroyed. And at the first sign of an issue the house is not immediately condemned and destroyed. A waiting period is established. The house is re-inspected Then the least invasive means is employed with the intent of preserving the home. Infected stones are removed, the house is scraped and re-plastered. Only if all this fails to resolve the issue is the entire house condemned.
Verses 48-53 give instructions almost identical to those earlier in the chapter for the curious ritual of cleansing a leper for making atonement for a house that has been cleansed, and then verses 54-57 serve as a concluding summary of chapters 13-14.
Jesus The Great High Priest and the House of God
I invite you to look with me to Jesus, our Great and Gracious High Priest. Let's look at some of Jesus' actions through the lens of Leviticus.
In John 2, after Jesus' first miracle at the wedding at Cana, at the beginning of his ministry, we are told:
Jesus, if you will, as our Priest, is inspecting a house. It is the temple, which he calls his Father's house. And he finds it diseased. So he scrapes the inside of the house. He drives all that is corrupt out of the house. And he leaves. But he does not shut the house up. Instead he returns and fills the house with his teaching. For over 3 years he is in and out of the house, spreading healing and his life giving good news. Then we pick up the story in the last week of his life,
Jesus came back to inspect his Father's house. The disease had returned and spread. It was indeed deeper than the surface. Once again he scraped the house clean. But instead of submitting to the authority of the Great High Priest, the chief priests and scribes were seeking to kill him. The next day,
The house is condemned. It must be torn down and destroyed. There was a persistent disease in the house.
A New Temple
But Jesus will build a new kind of house. In Ephesians 2, Paul tells the church, those blood-bought believers from every ethnicity that you are:
Peter tells those who have been born again through the living word of God that:
Paul tells the Corinthian church:
We as Christ's church are being built together into a dwelling place for God. And God still cares about the purity of his temple. From the seven letters to seven churches in Revelation, we see that Jesus is still inspecting his church. Jesus is involved, aware. Jesus is patient, he is gracious. But he will purify and perfect his church.
Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org