God All Knowing and Wise ~ 20151129 ~ Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org
11/29 God All-Knowing and Wise [omniscience] ; Audio available at: http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20151129_god-all-knowing-wise.mp3
We are spending some time savoring together what God tells us about himself. He is the most perfect being, and to know him is to know true joy and fulfillment. We have the pleasure of enjoying a blood-bought relationship with this God who is Father, Son and Spirit. Throughout Scripture, we are pointed back to the character and nature of God as the foundation for our lives, for hope in troubled times, as an anchor for our souls. We are warned of the dangers and consequences of believing false things about God or imagining him to be other than he is. We want to know God, to see what he has said about himself, to worship him in truth.
The Good News of Omniscience
Last time we looked at the power of God, the freedom and authority of God. God is sovereign. God has the right and ability to rule over his creation however he sees fit, and that is good news because he is good and only does what is best.
Today we will look at the wisdom and knowledge of God. The Bible teaches us that God 'is perfect in knowledge' (Job37:16); that 'he knows everything' (1Jn.3:20); Peter told Jesus 'Lord, you know everything' (Jn.21:17); Solomon addresses God 'you, you only, know the hearts of all the children of mankind' (1Ki.8:39); the Psalmist declares:
The author of Hebrews says:
This is terrifying to those who do not know the forgiveness that comes only through a relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ. He knows my heart, and my heart is 'deceitful and desperately sick' (Jer.17:9-10). I must 'give account for every careless word' I speak (Mt.12:36). But to those who do know him, this is good news indeed! He knows everything about me, and he loves me anyway?! He will never find out something about me that he doesn't already know, that would cause him to turn away from me? There is nothing I will do in the future that he doesn't already know, that would change his heart toward me? Truly, as David said:
God who Cannot Learn
We stand amazed at a God who is 'perfect in knowledge'. There is nothing God does not fully know. God cannot increase in knowledge, because he is 'perfect in knowledge'. There is nothing God must learn. God will never be surprised, or caught off guard by new information.
So often our decisions are just plain bad. Have you ever made a bad decision? We make the best decisions we can based on the information we have, but we never have all the information. And the information we do have, we do not always know how to best utilize it. Have you ever said after the fact, 'well that would have been really helpful to know'?
When I was younger, my mom used to make homemade frosting, and put it in these little orange Tupperware containers in the fridge. I would often spread some on a graham cracker for an after school snack. One day I remember coming home from school, opening the fridge, grabbing the little orange container, scooping up a finger full of the 'frosting' and popping it in my mouth, only to learn too late that this little orange container did not contain frosting, it was lard! That would have been nice to know before I stuck some in my mouth!
God never makes a bad decision based on incomplete information.
Sometimes our decisions are based on bad information. Did you know that sometimes people will tell you only part of the story in hopes that you will make the decision they want you to make? We have learned this through the challenging process of raising kids. 'Dad, my brother sat on me and tried to scratch my eyes out! Look what he did to me!' Your sense of justice is roused and you let the gavel fall. Then, through the tears, you come to find out that there is another side to this story. The 'victim' had been ruthlessly taunting and provoking her brother to the point where out of sheer frustration he responded the way he did. There is guilt on both sides. Sometimes people are less than truthful. How do you know who is telling you the truth? How do you know if it is the whole truth? God is never left to wonder. God knows the truth. God sees the thoughts and intents of the heart. God is never duped into making a judgment based on false information. God is perfect in knowledge.
God and 'Chance'
But even if we had access to all the information, even if we had all the facts, we still can't know what will happen in the future. Companies spend lots of money on surveys and statistical studies and analyzing trends and data and probabilities, but in the end, they have to roll the dice and take a chance. God never takes a chance. God 'declares the end from the beginning' (Is.41:22-26; 46:9-10).
It is true that the Bible talks of God as 'regretting' or 'repenting' or 'changing his mind' (Gen.6:5-7); but should we understand this to mean that God didn't know what would happen before it happened? Should we understand that God took a chance and was surprised and caught off guard by what happened, and through the experience learned some things, and needed to quickly come up with plan B? God is grieved by the sinful choices of his creatures; he responds differently to disobedience than he does to obedience, but he is not surprised. He does not regret in the sense that he wishes he had had access to better information on which to base his actions.
In fact, there is no such thing as chance. God's providence rules the world, he determines the outcome of every roll of the dice. 'Not a sparrow falls to the ground apart from your Father' Jesus said (Mt.10:29). We can take comfort that the things we view as chance are in the omnipotent hand of an all wise God who loves us.
Even tribulation, distress, persecution, famine, nakedness, danger, sword, even death, even the uncertainties of the future, (Rom.8:35-39) God will work even these things together for our good.
God Aloof or Involved?
In Psalm 139, the Psalmist expresses amazement at the wisdom and knowledge of God.
God knows all my actions, even insignificant ones. God knows all my thoughts. God knows my plans, my habits. God knows how I will respond to any given situation. God knows everything I will ever say before I ever say it.
But is God a passive spectator? An all-wise sideline observer? He never interferes, right?
This word 'to hem in' means to bind, confine, cramp, enclose, shut in, secure. This seems to indicate that God is not passively watching, but is actively involved. And the Psalmist responds that this knowledge is wonderful.
God is present to lead, guide, or govern; and to hold, grasp, seize, take possession of, or enclose.
Every day of my life was written in God's book before I existed! Every one of my days was formed as a potter forms the clay. There is no room here for the god of the deist, who set creation in motion, and then passively observes from a distance, aloof and uninvolved. God is intimately involved in our lives, leading, holding, hemming in, forming. And this is a good thing. God's thoughts are incalculably great and precious, treasured, valuable.
The Psalmist concludes with a glad invitation to God's interference in his life.
God's knowing is not a mere distant awareness of facts, but an involved nurturing protecting directing care.
Knowledge of what Might Have Been
God knows all things, even what might have been, had things been different than they are. In Jeremiah 38:14-23, God reveals to King Zedekiah what will happen if he surrenders to the King of Babylon, and warns of what will happen if he does not surrender. In 1 Samuel 23:10-13, God tells David what Saul will do, and how the people of the city he is hiding in will respond when Saul comes to seek him, so David and his men escape from the city.
In Matthew 11, Jesus:
Jesus tells us what might have been if things had been different. If Jesus had done his mighty works in Tyre and Sidon, or in Sodom, they would have repented, and they would not have been destroyed. We are left to ask why? Why, if God knew that they would have repented, did he not send Jesus to them? God did not lack the power to act differently than he did. Jesus could have done his mighty works in Tyre and Sidon, and Sodom. God could have acted differently to bring about different results; however for his own wise and good purposes, he always chooses to bring about the highest good. It is right and good and wise to punish evil, and although God did not do all he could do to bring about their salvation, he also did not leave them without a witness. Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Joel, Amos, and Zechariah prophesied against Tyre and Sidon. Peter says:
Peter holds up 'righteous Lot, greatly distressed by the sensual conduct of the wicked (for as that righteous man lived among them day after day, he was tormenting his righteous soul over their lawless deeds that he saw and heard)' (2Pet.2:7-8); Lot who was rescued from Sodom as an example that 'the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment' (2Pet.4:9)
This is a sobering reminder that God is not obligated to save anyone. God is able to save, but he is wise and just to punish evildoers, and we have all sinned and fall short of the glory of God. We should thank God that he does not give us what we deserve.
Jesus in the next verses of Matthew 11 responds to this with praise to God:
Jesus rejoices (Lk.10:21) at his Father's gracious will to hide these things from some and reveal them to others. In the same breath he invites all who recognize their need to come to him and find rest for their souls.
Foolish Wisdom of the Cross
In 1 Corinthians 1, Paul speaks of the seeming foolishness of the message of the cross, which is in reality the power and wisdom of God.
The good news of the cross seems foolish to the perishing, but God uses this foolish message to confound the wise and save all who humbly believe. God in his wisdom saves in this way 'so that no human being might boast in the presence of God'.
Wisdom to the Praise of His Glory
In Romans 11, Paul responds to the wisdom of God's plan with a shout of praise, his wisdom to show mercy to both Jew and Gentile, even when this means that many Jews will reject Jesus for a time in order to open a door of salvation to the Gentiles, so that God may show mercy to all.
God is deep and rich in wisdom and knowledge. He does not need advice. His ways and judgments are inscrutable and unsearchable. Everything he does wisely moves toward the one overarching purpose of bringing him glory. From him and through him and to him are all things.
Ephesians 1 talks about God's wise purpose to bring praise to his glorious grace.
God works all things according to the purpose of his will, in all wisdom and insight, to the praise of his glory. Our salvation is according to his wise purpose, according to his wise counsel, to bring praise to his glory. Paul goes on to pray that we might have eyes enlightened to know the riches of our hope, our inheritance, his power toward us who believe; that we might know him.
In chapter 3 of Ephesians, Paul spells out for us what is the mystery of his will, that Jews and Gentiles together are partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel (3:6). The many faceted wisdom of God is made know to everyone through the church according to God's eternal purpose (3:10-11). Paul uses this as motive to not be discouraged in the face of suffering, and he prays that we would have strength to comprehend what is the immeasurable love of Christ to us (3:13-19). He prays:
Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org