1 Peter 1:14-16 ~ 20081019~ Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org
1/19 1 Peter 1:14-16 be holy; don't act like you're still stupid!
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, 5 who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
6 In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials, 7 so that the tested genuineness of your faith––more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire––may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ. 8 Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory, 9 obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.
10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, 11 inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories. 12 It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.
13 Therefore, preparing your minds for action, and being sober-minded, set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
14 As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance, 15 but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, 16 since it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”
1:14 wv tekna upakohv mh suschmatizomenoi taiv proteron en th agnoia umwn epiyumiaiv 15 alla kata ton kalesanta umav agion kai autoi agioi en pash anastrofh genhyhte 16 dioti gegraptai [oti] agioi esesye oti egw agiov
We are looking today at the second command that Peter gives us in his letter. And here Peter gets to one of the main points of his letter. But he had to lay the foundation first so that it would be properly understood. So today, we will look at the demand for us to be holy, we will look at the importance of holiness in the life of every believer, we will ask what it means, we will see the high standard and foundation of holiness and the way to pursue it. Then we will see why this command comes second and not first in this letter.
The command is for holiness. We are to be holy. We desperately need to know what this means and understand how essential this command is. We tend to feel that holiness is a nice extra for a few highly advanced Christians. It is certainly not for all of us. We can all think of someone with a 'holier than thou' attitude, and we don't feel we could (or would even want to) rise (or stoop) to their level of spirituality. What often comes to mind is a puritanical hyper-legalistic life that is defined by what you don't do. (By the way, the puritans were deeply concerned about holiness, but they were not the legalistic prudes that they have been caricatured as; dictionary.com defines puritanical as 'very strict in moral or religious matters, often excessively so; rigidly austere' – I would encourage you to pick up their writings and discover a gold mine of spiritual depth and richness of Christian joy.) So we need to put holiness in the biblical perspective. What does the bible say about holiness, what does Jesus say about holiness? What's so important about being holy?
Maybe we should start with a definition. Noah Webster's 1828 dictionary defines holiness as follows:
'The state of being holy; purity or integrity of moral character; freedom from sin; sanctity. Applied to the Supreme Being, holiness denotes perfect purity or integrity of moral character, one of his essential attributes.
1. Applied to human beings, holiness is purity of heart or dispositions; sanctified affections; piety; moral goodness, but not perfect.
2. Sacredness; the state of any thing hallowed, or consecrated to God or to his worship; applied to churches or temples.
3. That which is separated to the service of God.'
Holiness is purity of heart or dispositions; sanctified affections; being separated or set apart to the service of God. God told his people in:
But is holiness only an Old Testament demand on the people of Israel that doesn't apply to us today? We are under grace, right? That's why Jesus died -because we couldn't live up to the standard. The answer is 'yes, we are under grace' and 'yes, Jesus died because we couldn't live up to God's holy standard' and the answer is 'yes, God saved us by grace through the substitutionary sacrifice of Jesus from sin so that we could live holy lives.'
It is by the gift of God's grace and not by our works that we are saved, but we are saved from sin and for our holy calling. He goes on to say:
So we must cleanse ourselves from what is dishonorable - not in order to obtain God's grace and favor, but because of God's grace and favor already demonstrated in our holy calling. But how serious is this call to holiness? Here's what the author of Hebrews tells us:
If you do not pursue holiness in your life you will not see Jesus. That's huge and heavy. Can that really be what this means? Paul elaborates:
But praise God, he goes on:
Jesus came to seek and to save lost sinners. But did Jesus have anything to say about the necessity of our holiness?
Jesus says you have to get passionate about your holiness and fight violently against the sin in your life or you will go to hell. It doesn't get much clearer than that. The stakes are high. We are not talking about an optional extra in the Christian life. If you don't pursue your holiness with a vengeance, you don't see Jesus; you go to hell. Your holiness is not a suggestion or a recommendation; it is imperative.
How do we respond to sin in our lives? Do we tend to justify and defend it; even pride ourselves in being free in Jesus? Are we oblivious to the sin in our lives? Do we compare ourselves with others and begin to think that we're really not so bad? If we do that, the bible says we are not wise. Are we grieved? Acutely and painfully aware of the deep roots of sin in our lives? Are we broken before God crying out 'who will rescue me from this body of death?' Do we long for holiness? Are we willing to aggressively attack the secret sins of our heart, dragging them out into the light and butchering them like the wicked traitors they are?Do
How do we go about this thing called holiness? Let's go back to 1 Peter and see what he has to say about our holiness, and then we'll put it in the context of the passage and see how it all fits together.
We again have one imperative in the sentence; it is 'be holy'. It is preceded by a participial phrase that describes what it's not, and a phrase that describes the foundation for personal holiness. Then he follows the command with his textual basis – a quote out of Leviticus. Let's work backward through the text and then put it all together.
The substantiation for the demand for holiness is the character of God. God said over and over in Leviticus 'you be holy because I am holy'. And Peter tells us 'you be holy like God is holy; God's holiness is the pattern for your holiness'.
So let's look for a minute at God's holiness. In the bible we are given many descriptions of God's character and nature:
But there is only one attribute of God that is tripled in scripture. In Isaiah 6 and in Revelation 4 the seraphs cry out 'holy holy holy is the Lord'. They don't cry out 'love, love love' or 'merciful, merciful, merciful'. Jesus, when he taught said 'truly truly I say to you'; doubled as a way of emphasizing the authority and accuracy of what he taught. But no other characteristic of God is tripled like his holiness is tripled. We even find 'the Holy One' used as a title for God about 50 times.
God's holiness is made completely emphatic. He is holy to the third power. God is completely other, wholly set apart, totally distinct. He is the creator and we are created. He is infinite and we are finite. Our power is limited and his power is limitless. We had a beginning, he had no beginning. We are sinners, he is perfect in his moral integrity. He is in a class by himself. That is part of the definition – set apart from. But part of the definition of holiness is set apart for or set apart to. The vessels used in the temple in the Old Testament were holy – they were to be used for nothing else but the service of God. The clothes that the priests wore were not common clothes; they were to be worn for nothing else than approaching God in worship and prayer. The priests themselves were set apart to the service of God. They didn't have other employment – their lives were completely dedicated or devoted to God. Is there anything that God is set apart for or completely dedicated and devoted to? I think the only answer that we can give is that God is completely devoted to himself. There is nothing higher for him to be devoted to. Devotion to any higher principle or purpose would be idolatry. Just as it is idolatry for us to set anything higher in our hearts than God, it would be idolatry for God to be devoted to anything outside of himself. God is passionate about his own glory. There is nothing higher or more beautiful or more worthy of praise than himself. We can join God in his holiness by being entirely devoted to God. this is the same thing as keeping the first and greatest commandment;
So holiness is not so much a negative command of what you don't do, but a positive affirmation of what is highest in your affections. Be holy - be passionate about who God is. Be consumed with delight in God. Let God meet all your needs and satisfy all your longings. You be passionate about God because God is passionate about God. Value God more than anything else in your life because God is more valuable than anything else. And we are instructed to demonstrate our passion for God in every area of our lives. As it says in
This of course has some negative implications. That's why Peter describes holiness by what it's not:
Being set apart for God could be described as not conforming to your former passions. You have a new passion; a new desire, a new lust. Your former lust was stupid. That's what Peter says: 'the passions of your former ignorance'. You had an appetite for things that could never satisfy. But you had an excuse then; you didn't know any better. Now you know that when you immerse yourself in the pleasures the world has to offer you come up with a mouth full of sawdust. Be holy! Develop a hunger for God; develop a taste for what truly satisfies. Have a holy lust for intimacy with Jesus. You are different now - you have a new driving passion in your life. Your spiritual taste buds have been awakened by the truth. Don't act like you're still stupid. 'Do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance'.
He tells us to be holy as obedient children; literally 'as children of obedience'. Notice he doesn't tell us to be holy in order to become children; the assumption is that we are already children of the Father. We are not commanded to become something we are not; we are commanded to be who we are. As children characterized by obedience, be like your father - be holy in all your conduct. Peter has established in verse 3 that God caused us to be born again - so we are his children by new birth; and in verse 4 that entitles us to the inheritance that is being kept for us. Back in verses 1 and 2 he tells us that we were chosen for obedience - obedience to Jesus Christ. We have a new nature - a nature of obedient children on account of our new birth. The phrase 'as he who called you is holy' points back to God as the origin of their new nature - God called you into a relationship with himself. God called you for obedience, so be who he called you to be - be holy!
Now that we understand the gravity of the demand - holiness is essential, not optional if you want to see Jesus; now that we understand what holiness means - that we are to find our delight in God and in all that he is for us in Jesus, that we are to live for the glory of God in every area of our lives, now let's put this in the context of the passage and see where it fits in the argument. Peter has spent twelve verses telling us how God is at work in us securing our salvation, preparing our inheritance and preserving us so that we make it. His first command in verse 13 hangs on all this like a hinge and says 'therefore – because of all this' put your hope fully in God's future grace. God is going to continue to pour out his grace in your life. You can put your full weight on his promise – it will be there. As John Newton sang ’Tis grace has brought me safe thus far, And grace will lead me home. The Lord has promis’d good to me, His word my hope secures; He will my shield and portion be, As long as life endures.'
You can bank on the fact that God's grace will be there to sustain you tomorrow. In light of God's work initiating your new birth; in light of God's work preparing you for your inheritance, in light of the fact that your present trials are serving to prove your faith genuine; in light of the fact that your salvation is the focal point that angels and prophets and evangelist longed to see and the Holy Spirit brought about; in the confidence of God's future grace you can be holy. God called you to be holy and is at work in you to make you holy. His Holy Spirit lives in you. He is bringing trials to purify your faith; he has adopted you as his child and he wants you to be like him, so be who you are. Don't act like you're still stupid. With all your effort and passion and will, strive to be holy. Work hard, passionately and violently pursue your personal holiness because you know that God's grace will be sufficient to see you through.
Paul describes it this way: